Zero-footprint RVS tools such as RapiCoverZero reconstruct information on the behavior of an application when it runs by using branch trace information captured from the platform the application is running on and combining this with information obtained from a disassembly of the application.
Software analysis by zero-footprint RVS tools has the following requirements:
- The platform (target and any external devices e.g. debuggers) must be capable of producing a branch trace without gaps to ensure that the full program trace can be reconstructed.
- The OS needs to make context switches observable. For some systems, supporting this may require modifications to be made to the OS.
- A Platform Support Package (PSP) is needed for RVS to interface with the development environment, including the target hardware and trace capture mechanisms, in order to convert the branch trace into a format that the RVS tool understands and disassemble the executable and parse the resulting object code.
PSPs are developed to be compatible with the following:
For a list of components that are already supported, see below. Note that we can add support for some components not listed below.
Platform Support Packages (PSPs) must be able to disassemble executables for further analysis. Typically, tools required for this are supplied as part of a toolchain unique to each compiler. The compilers PSPs already support are listed below:
- Arm Compiler
We can develop support for other compilers. For more information, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
When code has been disassembled, Platform Support Packages (PSPs) must be able to understand the instruction set of the object code so they can parse it before it is used for subsequent analysis by zero-footprint RVS tools. The instruction sets PSPs already support are listed below:
We can develop support for other instruction sets. For more information, contact us at email@example.com.
For it to be possible to analyze executables generated by a platform by zero-footprint RVS tools, it must be possible to collect a branch trace from the platform*. Some targets generate branch traces by default, for example:
- Boards that have been developed to meet at least Class 2 of the Nexus message-based trace protocol
- ARM boards including an ARM ETM component
- Custom boards developed to produce branch traces
A debugger may be used to collect these branch traces from the target. Simulators may generate branch traces, or it may be possible to modify them to do so. Each Platform Support Package (PSP) is designed to support branch traces collected by a specific debugger or from a specific simulator. The debuggers and simulators PSPs already support are listed below:
We can develop support for other debuggers and simulators. For more information, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
*In some cases, other approaches may be possible, such as using a branch map.
Real-time operating systems
For it to be possible to analyze executables generated by a platform by zero-footprint RVS tools, it must be possible to collect information on context switches made during software execution. Whether this is possible or not depends on the real-time operating system (RTOS) used and its configuration. Platform Support Packages must be able to understand context switch information to support further analysis of an executable by zero-footprint RVS tools. The RTOSs PSPs already support are listed below:
- eMCOS for AUTOSAR Adaptive Platform
- eMCOS for AUTOSAR Classic Platform (RV850)
- SYSGO PikeOS®
- Bare Metal (no OS)
We can develop support for other real-time operating systems. For more information, contact us at email@example.com.
Feature applies to: